In the previous post Physics of Karma we have read what actually the Karma is and characteristics of Karma. We have also read why knowing about karma is the most important thing in the post The Law of Karma – 1.
Now in this post we will see why a soul attracts Karma which makes the soul its bondage. Just to re-emphasise the importance of Karma, knowing definition of Moksha is important.
Definition of Moksha is:
Karmaless Soul. I.e. when a soul sheds all Karma, it need not take a new birth as a body and attain omniscience status of the soul i.e. Kewal Gyan (Omniscience).
As per the Jain Literature Tattvarthadhigam Sutras by Upadhyaya Umaswatiji Soul attracts Karma because of Yoga that means Mental, Physical and Verbal Activities.
A good deed attracts good Karma. A bad deed attracts bad Karma.
This attraction of Karma, good or bad is known as Aashrav. When Moksha or Salvation means Karmaless Soul, all kinds of Karmas whether good or bad is Aahrav and must be shed to attain Moksha. In short, whatever attracts new Karma to the soul is known as Aashrav.
Before I elaborate on Aashrav it is pertinent to know about Ratnatraya i.e.
We have also read in one of the previous posts The Real Maths who we really are. We all living beings are Souls, but almost every one of us believes self as a body. Therefore, we all lack the basic understanding about the self, i.e. not having Samyak Darshan.
As per the Karma Granth,
One of the fundamental reasons for Aashrav is Mithyatva i.e. not having the right view of the self. Therefore, not believing self as a soul is the first and foremost reason for attracting new Karma to the soul i.e. Aashrav.
Over and above Mithyatva, Karma is also attracted by;
This Granth further defined Kashaya as:
Things which enhance cycles of life and death for the soul.
There are four kinds of Kashaya:
These four Kashayas have four degrees of intensity.
This intensity decides how long a Karma will remain with the soul.
These are all bad Aashrav.
Similarly, a soul attracts new Karma by its good deeds also. These are known as Satavedniya Karma:
All these are the causes of good Aashrav.
These bad and good Karmas can be done by following nine ways:
A soul considering the self as a body; (Mithyatva)
Attracts New Karma to the Soul. This attraction of new Karma to the soul is known as Aashrav.
As long as a soul believes the self as a body – whether it is a good Karma or bad Karma it is Aashrav and Karma is attracted to the body.
In the next post on the subject, we will see how a soul can stop attracting new Karma and even shed existing Karmas.
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